Sigiriya is witness to the civilization of Ceylon during the years of 6th century the reign of king Kassapa..Area dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 meters high. The site was selected by King Kasyapa (477 – 495 AD) for his new capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colourful frescoes.The name of this place is derived from this structure the Lion Rock. The capital and the royal palace were abandoned after the king’s death. It was used as a Buddhist monastery until 14th century.